Newfoundland National War Memorial

Specification of work to be done in the construction of Concrete Footpaths, Steps, Channelways, Crossings, etc., at the King’s Beach, St. John’s, Newfoundland.

General Conditions.

  1. The work shall be carried out in accordance with the Drawings (marked No. 1 and No. 2 ) and this Specification.
  2. The “Employer” shall mean the Revd. Lt. Col. T. Nangle, C. F. The “Contractor” shall mean the person or persons whose tender shall be accepted for the work.
  3. During the progress of the work the care and risk of same shall be entirely with the Contractor who shall defray all damages, costs and expenses occasioned by, or contingent on, injury by or on account of the acts or omissions by himself, his agents, servants or workmen, or arising by reason of the execution of the works, whether the same shall happen to servants or employees of the Contractor, or to the works under contract, or to persons or property; and he shall hold the employer harmless in respect thereof.
  4. The Contractor shall provide, at his own cost, all temporary means of access to the adjacent property during the progress of the work.
  5. The Contractor shall employ a reliable watchmen at night and provide proper lighting and fencing for the protection of the public.
  6. The work to be commenced immediately after the Contract has been signed and completed in all respects not later than the 12th day of June 1924. If the Contractor fail to complete the work by this date he shall pay or allow to the employer the sum of One Hundred dollars per day as liquidated and ascertained damages for every day beyond the said date during which the work shall remain unfinished.
  7. Payments shall be made at intervals at the rate of 85 percent of the certified gross valuation of the work executed the remaining 15 percent being held as retention money until three months from the completion of the work. In case of any defects showing in the work during this period he shall be made the same good at his own expense; and if he neglects or refuses to do so when called upon the Employer shall be empowered to do so and to deduct the cost of same from the retention money; and if the cost exceeds the amount retained the Employer will be at liberty to sue for the balance.


  1. The Cement, broken stone, gravel, rubble, stone setts and C.I. pipes shall be provided by the Employer and delivered at the King’s Beach. All other materials required for the execution of the work together with tools, plant and labour, skilled and unskilled, shall be provided by the Contractor.
  2. Excavate over the site of footpath to a sufficient depth to obtain a firm and solid bed for the foundation. On top of this bed lay a foundation for a depth of at least 12 inches consisting of rubble, closely packed and rammed together.
  3. On top of the foundation form the steps and landings of Concrete composed of 4 parts broken stone, 2 parts sand and 1 part Portland Cement. thoroughly mixed dry, after which the proper amount of water shall be added to yield what is known as a “wet mixture”, and the mixing continued until the Concrete is uniform. The Concrete must be used immediately after mixing and well rammed to secure solidity and properly prepared to receive the top coat described in Clause (6). The minimum thickness of this Concrete shall be 4 ½ inches and stone will be supplied for fillers which are to be used as directed by the Employer. A Cross fall of 1 inch to be given from the building line to the Channel.
  4. At the foot of each range of steps and where otherwise indicated on the Drawings leave expansion joint ¼ inch wide and insert a strip of 3 ply Ruberiod as shown on Detail ( Drawing No. 1). The footpath and steps are to be formed by Concreting the alternate bays or portions between expansion joints; and no two adjacent bays are to be concreted at one time.
  5. On the landings (where marked “Joint X”) strips of wood ¼ inch thick are to be inserted in the Concrete. These strips to be surrounded with tar paper and they shall be removed when the concrete has sufficiently set.
  6. The top coating of treads, faces of risers and landings to be 1 ½ inch thick consisting of 2 parts clean sharp sand to 1 part Portland Cement. The surface to be neatly trowelled, true and free from wind and hollows. This top coat shall be applied immediately after the underlying concrete has been deposited.
  7. All the steps shall show a finished rise of 6 ins., and a tread of 12 ins., and any steps not conforming strictly with these dimensions will be rejected and must be replaced by the Contractor.
  8. When the Concrete has sufficiently set the forms are to be taken down and the outer sides of the steps to be thoroughly rubbed and floated and left in all respects neat and even.
  9. All external edges of steps and landings to be finished with a 1 in. diameter nosing.
  10. Leave where shown holes for trees 2 feet diameter at top and 2 feet 9 ins. diameter at a depth of 4 feet below the finished surface of footpath. Leave at places which shall be pointed out later eight holes (6 in. diameter ) for posts for hand railing in the ranges of steps on East Side, South of the present lane.
  11. Stone sett approaches to Lanes to be constructed where shown, Lay a foundation of Concrete 6 ins., deep. On this spread a bed of Sand 1 in. thick on top of which the stone setts are to be hedded accurately to break joint, the ends butting against each other. The Setts to be beaten down with a heavy maul until a level surface has been obtained. Any broken setts to be taken out and replaced. The joints to be filled with stone chippings and grouted with material composed of Cement and Sand in equal proportions, spread over the surface in a liquid state and brushed into the joints till they are thoroughly filled.

  12. Flat channels 2 feet long x 15 ins.  wide x 4 ins. thick to be formed of Concrete composed of 4 parts chipping, 2 parts Sand and 1 part Cement. These channels to be accurately laid to grade at side of footpath where shown.

  13. Lay 16 in. C.I. pipes where shown under the sett pavement at Lane approaches, and build catch pits of Concrete 6 ins. thick in sides and bottoms.

  14. The present gullies shall be re-set by the Municipal Council, but the Contractor shall build a 6 in. x 6 in. Concrete Curb around same.

  15.  The work shall be left on completion in all respects neat and perfect.



Source: GN 49, Box 2, High Commissioners Office, War Memorial Correspondence, The Rooms, Provincial Archives, St. John's, NL


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